Institute history
Statute from 1895
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Institute History

Statute from 1895

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On July 15th in 1895., the institute received its first Statute:

"enhance Dalmatian agriculture, especially those branches of production that are of grave importance, particularly viticulture, olive growing, farming the silk worm, by way of rigorously tested scientific research, chemical and microscopic analysis... observe diseases on culture plants in Dalmatia and types of effective protection; analyze and control compost and fodder; popularize by way of teaching and printing the research results; educate learned gentry about agrochemical analysis, especially those from the field of enochemistry, give advice and direction to interested agriculturalists; analyze and issue documents on contents and technological correctness of all agricultural products."

The aforementioned goals from the Statute of 1895 give way to two basic developmental roads to be taken by the upcoming agricultural institute. First: it was given a task of dealing with complex agricultural problems with an accent on viticulture- vine production and olive growing - oil production as eminent agricultural branches of the Adriatic region. Second: The institute functions in three ways: experimentally, through analytical-control and education. These basic goals and ways of action, set up by the Statute in 1895, were maintained in different measures and forms during a hundred years of the Institutes existence and its work.

In regards to the institutes work through a Memo of the Kings Royal Ministry of agriculture, dating from 22.8.1895 Z14538-2291, were issued service directions for the staff of the Kings Royal agricultural chemical testing Institute in Split:


The jobs of the Institute are divided among those that are approved by the decision of the Ministry of agriculture and those decided on by the Institute in its sphere of action.


Jobs that need seek the decision of the Ministry are as follows:
1. Complaints against the Institute;
2. Requests made at the institute addressed to the Ministry;
3. Making new or changing existing regulations regarding the service and general rules;
4. Doubt by the institute or those that consider that further explanation is necessary concerning interpretation of regulations or their appropriate application;
5. Exceptions from general rules of specified regulations for individual cases;
6. Sale of movable items when their value exceeds 50 guldens; the institute is authorized sales with no limit when items in question are needless;
7. Purchase of movable items when their value exceeds 200 guldens;
8. Contract agreements if they are not in accordance to the regulations set by the Institute;
9. Allowing a vacation of an official or service person, if the duration of the absence is more than a months time in a 12 month period or if the vacation is reported as a travel out of country;
10. Allowing an advance payment to the chief of the Institute each time it is done, and other workers if the advance is in the amount of a monthly pay or if the payback would consist of more than 20 unabrupted monthly rates, or if the pay is burdened with private reclamation. A report must be made out to the Ministry for each allowed pay advance;
11. Granting money awards for excellent services tied to extraordinary effort and duties above and beyond the call;
12. A one time support for vital workers that are heavily injured at their work location, if the amount in an individual instance exceeds 20 guldens, or for that same worker in the period of one year the amount is over 40 guldens;
13. Checking and compensating travel cost of the full time employees and service persons, as well as supporting technical work force, day-labourers, etc;
14. All, and jobs in the framework of the Institute if they are not accounted for in the allowed yearly budget, have extra costs or if allowed exceed funds approved by the Ministry;
15. All jobs in which cases the Ministry has withheld the decision.


The Kings Royal testing institute decides in a private sphere of action on all subjects which in the previous paragraphs the Ministry does not make decisions.


1. Unauthorized cases that are of benefit to the testing or would be inconvenienced by the delay and immediately need factors at their disposal, without unnecessary hold backs, the Institute is authorized to conduct under personal responsibility and requested to seek the Ministries decision after the fact.

2. The director of the Institute is directly under the Ministry of agriculture. He must always act in accordance with the high decision of 15.7.1895 Statute of the Kings Royal agricultural chemical testing institute in Split,(R.G.B 1.LXVIII St., issued 1.9.1895.) The director is responsible for financial transactions, inventory (including the library) and the institutes materials. As a rule he must keep track of the institutes incomes and debits. He reports to the Ministry and other branches of government, obliges correspondence to those interested; gives expert advice and supervises lab work, and other possible tests of precision. The aforementioned directions and duties of the director must be followed and acted out by the persons that are replacing him for the designated period.

3. The director must turn in to the Ministry a program of all necessary studies and experiments at the start of the year and no later than 15.01.

4. The results of scientific studies and practical tests will be published if they are applicable in practice, in expert organs of the state in a generally comprehendible way. Important cases will be reported in mentioned publications in separate forms or brochures, in native tongue, with advisement by the specified council for culture and expert institutions.

5. The director must offer seminars that are written by the Ministry with his institutes expert educators.

6. The director must orally and in written form with the help from the agriculturalist serve the intention of the institute.

7. The directing of performed analysis and research and presented lectures paid by tax must be handled in accordance with regulations (# 11 of the list of regulations).

8. At the end of the year the institutes director must send a detailed report on the activities of the institute to the ministry. Besides that, the director must immediately turn in a report on all significant happenings, be they personal (staff), about inventory, other interests concerning the institute to the Ministry.

9. The means by which handling of the finances and the inventory of the institute is done will be regulated by special instructions.

10. All employees, full and part time, are subordinate to the director of the institute. The director divides tasks of research to persons performing analysis, of whom he is a part of, and grants honorary work according to availability in a most fair manner.

11. From the tax for analysis, research and lecture courses, 60% goes to the state, 15% to the director and 25% to the person performing the analysis, or him who held the lecture course. In the tax for microscopic research must first be subtracted their daily expenditure from the state register, and then divide into parts only the remaining net amount.

12. The director of the institute is responsible for the accurate noting of all works done at the institute and must be aware that the analysis book, in which employees personally insert writing for honorary work or other official reasons or for general interest of performed analysis and research, is neat and manageably kept, as should be all other books and documents that record testings and observations. Of the samples sent to research, the trial sample must be kept for at least two months with the stamp of the institute on it.

13. The director has a right to leave for vacation for up to ten days in cases of official or emergency conditions, but if his absence is prolonged more than 3 days he must immediately inform the Ministry of agriculture. In all other cases the director must ask for permission with the Ministry for his vacation.

14. Probationers and assistants are subordinate to the director of the institute and should act on his official orders; important official happenings that are of their concern must be written in the official regulations tables. In case where probationers or assistants have to represent the director, he is called upon who is eldest in official rank. Probationers and assistants may spend the time they have left of their term in scientific research, and in that case the inventory and materials of the institute are available to them. The same may make requests for performing tests, which must be considered by the expert decision of the director and then turned in to the Ministry. Scientific research performed by the employees at the institute is completely the soul ownership of those that performed it. The publication of results of the works at the institute as a rule is decided by the director. In a case of difference of opinion between the institutes director and the author of a particular work, the ministry will render a decision. Completed works given official orders may only be published with the approval of the Ministry. For manual labour the director has available one full time lab worker. In case where there is too much work to be handled and necessary is extra working force, the director must receive an approval from the Ministry.

15. All cases not foreseen by this work guide must be given to the Ministry for consideration.

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